What do we do in your community?
Public Health protects you from health threats, the everyday and the exceptional. Your Local Health Department (LHD) guards multiple fronts to defend you from any health threat, regardless of the source, and works tirelessly to prevent disease outbreaks. Your LHD makes sure the tap water you drink, the restaurant food you eat and the air you breathe are all safe. It’s ready to respond to any health emergency be it bioterrorism, SARS, West Nile Virus or an environmental hazard.
Educates you and your neighbors about health issues. Your LHD gives you information that allows you to make healthy decisions every day, like exercising more, eating right, quitting smoking or simply washing your hands to keep from spreading illness. They provide this information through public forums in your community, public service announcements in the media, programs in schools, health education in homes and clinics, and detailed Web sites. During a public health emergency, your LHD provides important alerts and warnings to protect your health.
Provides healthy solutions for everyone. Your LHD offers the preventive care you need to avoid chronic disease and to help maintain your health. It provides flu shots for the elderly and helps mothers obtain prenatal care that gives their babies a healthy start. Your LHD also helps provide children with regular check-ups, immunizations, and good nutrition to help them grow and learn.
Advances community health. Your LHD plays a vital role in developing new policies and standards that address existing and emerging challenges to your community’s health while enforcing a range of laws intended to keep you safe. Your LHD is constantly working through research and rigorous staff training to maintain its unique expertise and deliver up-to-date, cutting-edge health programs.
The Role of Public Health
Local health departments (LHD’s)protect and improve community well-being by preventing disease, illness and injury and impacting social, economic and environmental factors fundamental to excellent health. Track and investigate health problems and hazards in the community. LHDs gather and analyze data on the community’s health to determine risks and problems. This information drives specific programs and activities designed to control multiple threats: both communicable and chronic diseases; food, water, insect and other vector-born outbreaks; biological, chemical and radiological hazards; and public health disasters.
Prepare for and respond to public health emergencies. As a result of extensive and ongoing preparation, LHDs respond quickly and effectively to disease outbreaks and other public health events they are intensively trained to respond to increases in the incidence of diseases, natural disasters, and acts of terrorism. They coordinate delivery of drugs, supplies, and provisions to victims and populations at risk. They keep the public informed and serve as the network for the community.
Develop, apply and enforce policies, laws and regulations that improve health and ensure safety. Acting on their knowledge about their community, LHDs create data-driven policies to meet health needs and address emerging issues. They help craft sound health policies by providing expertise to local, state and federal decision makers.
Lead efforts to mobilize communities around important health issues. With local and state government agencies, businesses, schools, and the media, LHDs spearhead locally organized health promotion and disease prevention campaigns and projects. LHDs also educate and encourage people to lead healthy lives through community forums; public workshops and presentations; and public service announcements.
Using Science to Protect People
Applying proven, cost-effective methods, health professionals in local health departments prevent disease and avoid unnecessary medical expenditures.
They guard and protect against threats: Investigating disease outbreaks spread through the city’s water supply, hotels, homes and businesses. Inspecting restaurants for safety and cleanliness. Screening pregnant women and children for costly, treatable and preventable diseases.
They provide leadership: Defending against emerging infections. Assuring that scarce flu vaccines reach people most at risk. Promoting health and disease prevention strategies. Advocating for better health through public policy. Empowering people and providing necessary preventive care.
They improve health and safety: Responding first when outbreaks occur. Preventing substance abuse. Examining wild animals for disease. Exterminating mosquitoes, rats and other disease-carrying threats. Checking seniors’ blood pressure. Enforcing health and safety regulations. Providing life-saving vaccines to children.
They share their knowledge: Teaching people about nutrition and exercise. Cooperating with physicians, emergency personnel and hospitals. Training new professionals. Evaluating programs. Educating communities to help prevent diseases like HIV.
For more information, please contact:
Morrow County Developmental Disabilities
Ohio Heartland Community Action – Morrow County
State Resources to assist Ohioan Prepare for Life and the Dignity of Work- Health and Human Services updated Program list
Ohio Medicaid Supports Work and Community Engagement
American Public Health Association Fact Sheet
COMMUNITY HEALTH LINKS
CDC – Social Determinants of Health: Know What Affects Health
County Health Rankings
Healthy People – Social Determinants
Mesothelioma Help Now
Ohio Profile Report
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – Social Determinants of Health
Trauma-Informed Card Resource Guide
2016 State of Poverty – A Portrait of Ohio Families
Center for Community Solutions: Majority of Ohioans living in deep poverty don’t receive cash assistance: Temporary Assistance For Needy Families (TANF) in Ohio
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES
Clean-up Procedures for Vomit/Fecal Accidents
Food Safety in an Emergency
Food Safety after a Fire
Nitrates and Food Safety
Ohio EPA Permit Wizard
Pesticides & Pest Control
Potable Water Interruptions
Power Outages in Food Service Operations
Reopening a FSO or RFE after a Flood
Donate Motor Vehicles – Veteran Car Donation or Breast Cancer Car Donation
National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
Community Health Assessments & Health Improvement Plans (CDC)
American Public Health Association (APHA)
Ohio Public Health Association (OPHA)
Association of Ohio Health Commissioners (AOHC) – Additional AOHC Public Health Links
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
What is Public Health
National Public Health Data Resources